The Homosexual Roots of the Nazi Party

Picture: Hitler at the time the Nazi Party started. ***{Below is Page: 77 }*** Chapter Four The Founding and Early Years of the Nazi Party What was to become the Nazi Party began as an outgrowth of the Thule Society in late 1918. It started as a nationalist discus- sion group called the Political Workers Circle whose goal was to "extend the appeal of the Thule's nationalist ideology for the working classes" (Goodrick-Clarke: 150). The discussion group developed the idea of forming a political party in December of 1918, and did so on January 5, 1919, at the Furstenfelder Hof tavern in Munich. Adolf Hitler became a member of the German Worker's Party in September of that year. Shirer writes, There were two members of this insignificant party who deserve mention at this point; both were to prove important in the rise of Hitler..Captain Ernst Roehm...had joined the party before Hitler... A tough, ruthless driving man -- albeit, like so many of the early Nazis, a homosexual -- he helped or- ganie the first Nazi strong-arm squads which grew into the SA... Deitrich {sic} Eckart... often called the spiri- tual founder of National Socialism...became a close advisor to [Hitler]...introducing him to such fu- ture aides as Rudolf Hess (Shirer:64f.). ***{Below is Page: 78 }*** {See Comment 78-1} In a very short time Hitler and Roehm began to wrest control of the small group from its founders. Within a few months they had forced the resignation of its Chairman, Karl Harrar {sic}, and be- gun to turn the group away from its origins as a secret society and toward a new identity as "a mass party" (Fest, 1975:120). On April 1, 1920, they changed the name of the party to the National Socialist German Workers Party Historian Joachim Fest describes the process Hitler and Roehm used in these earliest days of Na- zism: At the beginning [Hitler] went at things according to a sensible plan. His first task was a personal one, to break out of anonymity, to emerge from the welter of small-time nationalist-racist parties with an unmistakable image... making a name for himself -- by unceasing activity, by brawls, scan- dals, and riots, even by terrorism if that would bring him to the forefront... [but] Ernst Rohm did more for the NSDAP than anyone else. He held the rank of captain as a political advisor on the staff of Colonel Epp and was the real brain of the disguised military regime in Bavaria. Rohm provided the young National Socialist Party with followers, arms, and finds (Fest, 1975:126f). By August of 1921, Hitler and Roehm had completed their takeover of the party. On the third of that month they founded the SA and began to assemble the cadre of sexual deviants who would form the core of Nazi leadership for years to come. A pamphlet circulated by disgruntled Nazi members prior to the Hitler takeover shows that the homosexuality of his supporters was no secret. Speaking of Hitler they said, "It grows more and more clear that his purpose is simply to use the National Socialist Party as a springboard for his immoral purposes" (Igra:70f). Hitler contemporary, Otto Strasser reports that *** {start comment 78-1} The idea of Hitler and Roehm conspiring together to gain control of the party is a fabrication not mentioned in Fest. Fest mentions that Hitler was at odds with Harrer (page 120) but doesn't even introduce Roehm until page 127. It must also be remembered that these were the very early days of the party, 1919-21, and that Roehm was not aware of any homosexual inclinations at that time, for his homosexuality was not awakened until 1924, after Hitler's Putsch and imprisonment. So it's incorrect to speak of a homosexual founding of the party. *** {end comment 78-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents ***{Below is Page: 79 }*** Hitler did three things to popularize the party and quiet the threatening clash of wounded vanities. He shortened the name from Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei to the letters NSDAP; he adopted the brown shirt of Lieutenant Rossbach's veteran organization for the entire party; and he assumed the all-too-familiar swastika from Erhardt's group (Strasser, 1943:34). {See Comment 79-1} Hitler's Clique of Pederasts As we will see, almost all of the new leadership of the party were sexual deviants. But this fact raises a question that is foun- dational to our understanding of the Nazis. Who chose these men as Nazi leaders? Roehm, with whose lifestyle we are now quite familiar, was to some historians the true power behind Hitler's throne. As noted above it was primarily Roehm who organized, funded and armed the terrorist military arm of the party, choosing only homosexuals as officers. And it is true that the party met frequently in the Bratwurstglockl (Fest, 1975:135f.), a homo- sexual bar where Roehm kept a reserved table. *** {start comment 79-1} Fest is not a reference for the above material. He only says "Noisy and attentive, these men surrounded Hitler all the time. Evenings after meetings the troop would drop in at the Ostara Bavaria or the Bratwurstgloeckel near the Frauenkirche, or talk for hours over coffee and cake at the Cafe heck on Galeriestrasse, where a table was permanently reserved for Hitler…." He says nothing at this place about anything else in the above paragraph. *** {end comment 79-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Yet, despite Roehm's importance to the party, Adolf Hitler himself was the central figure of Nazism and increasingly it was he who determined the fate of every member of the party. De- spite suggestions to the contrary, Hitler was not anti-homosexual. In fact, like Roehm, Hitler seemed to prefer homosexual compan- ions and co-workers. In addition to Roehm and Hess, two of his closest friends, Hitler apparently chose homosexuals and other 80{See Comment 80-1} sexual deviants to fill key positions nearest to himself. Rector attempts to dismiss sources that attribute homosexuality to lead- ing Nazis, but nevertheless lists them in some detail: Reportedly, Hitler Youth leader, Baldur von Schirach was bisexual; Hitler's private attorney, Reich Legal Director, Minister of Justice, butcher {sic} ***{Below is Page: 80 }*** Governor-General of Poland, and public gay-hater Hans Frank was said to be a homosexual; Hitler's adjutant Wilhelm Bruckner was said to be bisexual;... Walther Funk, Reich Minister of Eco- nomics [and Hitler's personal financial advisor] has frequently been called a "notorious" homosexual... or as a jealous predecessor in Funk's post, Hjalmar Schacht, contemptuously claimed, Funk was a "harmless homosexual and alcoholic;".. [Hitler's second in command] Hermann Goering liked to dress up in drag and wear campy make-up; and so on and so forth (Rec- tor:57). *** {start comment 80-1} The Pink Swastika authors note that Rector "attempts to dismiss sources that attribute homosexuality to leading Nazis," but they omit Rector's text on that point, thus setting a trap for the unwary reader who will put too much faith in Rector's list given in the above quote. Here's the text that precedes the above: "Of course, the SA was not the only place where Nazi gays were to be found. However, except for unquestionable cases of a person's heterosexuality, homosexuality, or bisexuality, one must be skeptical or at the least circumspect about taking as fact what some writers say about certain individuals' sexual orientation and/or sexual activities. "Depending on what writer one happens to be reading at any given moment, 'some Nazis were sexual perverts,' 'a number of Nazis were sexual perverts,' 'many Nazis were sexual perverts,' 'most Nazis were sexual perverts,' 'all Nazis were sexual perverts.' Reportedly Baldur von...." So in this passage Rector is not asserting that any of the men listed were homosexuals, he's merely giving examples of the unreliable assertions of various authors. While the Pink Swastika authors do acknowledge that, Rector's point should be emphasized. *** {end comment 80-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Igra, who confidently asserts that the above men were homo- sexuals, cites still other Hitler aides and close friends who were known homosexuals. He states that Hitler's chauffeur and one- time personal secretary, Emile Maurice, for example, was homo- sexual, as well as the pornographer, Julius Streicher, whom Hitler appointed Gauleiter of Nuremberg. Igra writes, Julius Streicher, the notorious Jew-baiter, was originally a school teacher, but was dismissed by the Nuremberg School Authorities, following nu- merous charges of pederasty brought against him.. His paper, Der Stuermer, was frequently con- fiscated by the police, even at the height of the Nazi regime, because of the sexual obscenities dis- played in the drawings and described in the text" (Igra: 72f). The evidence for homosexual leanings in another leading Nazi, Joseph Goebbels, is rather thin, but adds further insight to the inner workings of the group. Goebbels, Reich propaganda leader and close aide to the Fuehrer, is reported to have had a party in 1936 that degenerated into a violent homosexual orgy. The party ***{Below is Page: 81 }*** featured "torch-bearing page boys in tight fitting white breeches, white satin blouses with lace cuffs and powdered rococo wigs" (Grunberger: 70). Grunberger writes that Nazi roughnecks "were so affected by the rococo setting that they hurled themselves upon the bewigged page boys and pulled them into the bushes. Tables collapsed, torches were dimmed, and in the ensuing fracas a num- ber of Party old fighters and their comely victims had to be res- cued from drowning" (ibid:70). Goebbels may not have partici- pated in the revelry himself, though Klaus Theweleit writes that there is a significant moment in Rossbach's account where he contests the rights of Goebbels 'of all people' to act as a moral arbiter'" apparently assuming that his meaning is "common knowl- edge' on the internal grapevine" (Theweleit, Vol 2:327). {Picture} {Hitler and Streicher seated on a sofa} A rare 1925 photo of Adolf Hitler with close friend Julius Streicher from Streicher's private collection. THE BETTMANN ARCHIVE {Picture caption} {See Comment 82-1} Langer writes that "[even today Hitler derives sexual plea- sure from looking at men's bodies and associating with homo- sexuals" (Langer: 179). He adds that Hitler's personal body-guard ***{Below is Page: 82 }*** was "almost always 100% homosexuals" (ibid.:179). Remember also the fact that Hitler's greatest hero was Frederick the Great, a well known homosexual (Garde:44). Clearly, Adolf Hitler was not anti-homosexual, at least not in his personal lifestyle. Indeed, the evidence of Hitler's apparent preference for homosexuals is so overwhelming that, as have many historians before us, we natu- rally ask the question, "Was Hitler a homosexual?" *** {start comment 82-1} The Langer quote appears on page 196 of the 1972 Basic Books edition. Langer was not an historian, but a psychoanalyst who tried to draw a psychological picture of Hitler for the OSS (Office of Strategic Services) during World War II so that the allies could plan the war in a way that might take Hitler's psychology into account. Things that Langer says have to be regarded as sometimes being psychological speculation rather than fact. Langer is, however, careful to give sources and enough cues so that his opinions can be sorted out from what others have said, and from what is fact. That Hitler derives "sexual" pleasure from looking at men's bodies is the speculation of a psychoanalyst, for Langer offers no evidence to support the assertion -- he just relies on psychoanalytic theory that men who watch body builders somehow are motivated by inner homosexuality. Langer does not ."add that Hitler's personal body-guard was 'almost always 100% homosexual.'" Langer very clearly states that Otto Strasser said that. Strasser is not a particularly trustworthy source. He and his brother Gregor were early supporters of the Nazis because of its socialist platform. They had disagreements with Hitler over this and a deep rift developed. Gregor was murdered in 1934 and Otto narrowly escaped Germany with his life. Otto wrote several books during World War II that are understandably propagandistic, and the charge of homosexuality in Hitler's bodyguard might well be nothing more than demonization of the enemy, as is so often done in wartime propaganda. Nothing can be drawn, of course, from the alleged homosexuality of Frederick the Great. He was a hero to Hitler because of his accomplishments, which made him a hero to most people in Germany, and he was Hitler's hero long before Adolf knew of the allegations of homosexuality. *** {end comment 82-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Was Adolf Hitler a Homosexual? {See Comment 83-1} The short answer to this question is "probably not." Hitler was certainly not an exclusive homosexual in any case. There are at least four women, including his own niece, with whom Hitler had sexual relationships, although these relationships were not normal. Both Waite and Langer write that Hitler was a coprophile (a person who is sexually aroused by human excrement) and sug- gest that his sexual encounters with women included expressions of this perversion as well as other extremely degrading forms of masochism. It is interesting to note that all four women attempted suicide after becoming sexually involved with Hitler. Two suc- ceeded (Langer: 175f). Hitler contemporary Otto Strasser writes of an encounter he had with Hitler's niece Gely: Next day Gely came to see me. She was red eyed, her round little face was wan, and she had the ter- rifled look of a hunted beast. "He locked me up, she sobbed. "He locks me up every time I say no!" She did not need much questioning. With anger, horror and disgust she told me of the strange propositions with which her uncle pestered her. I knew all about Hitler's abnormality. Like all the others in the know, I had heard all about the ec- centric practices to which Fraulein Hofmann was alleged to have lent herself, but I had genuinely believed that the photographer's daughter was a ***{Below is Page: 83 }*** little hysteric who told lies for the sheer fun of it. But Gely, who was completely ignorant of this other affair of her uncle's, confirmed point by point a story scarcely credible to a healthy-minded man (Strasser, 1940:72). *** {start comment 83-1} Waite says (p 239) "{O}f the seven women who, we can be reasonably sure, had intimate relations with Hitler, six committed suicide or seriously attempted to. Yet Waite doesn't mention Hitler's first affair with Henny Hoffmann, daughter of his photographer, nor the possible affair with Leni Riefenstahl, who frequently visited him late at night, leaving early in the morning (Langer mentions these two). All in all, the differences in the numbers of Waite and Langer suggest that information is questionable on this subject. One further thing is indicated, namely that the author of The Pink Swastika has not done his research. Had he read Waite thoroughly he surely would have mentioned six suicide attempts instead of merely four. On the charge of coprophilia and other perversion, at the time Langer's psychological "reconstruction" of Hitler was released (1972), H. R. Trevor-Roper, Regius Professor of History at Oxford, wrote "There is not a shred of evidence on any of these matters." -- cited in Waite, page 237. Langer's "evidence" likely was oral testimony Otto Strasser gave the OSS (mentioned in Waite) that elaborates the "strange propositions" of the above quote as having her urinate on him. As Waite says, "One might well raise questions about the reliability of Otto Strasser's testimony on anything. In particular, one might well wonder whether Geli would be likely to confide in him over such intimate matters." Waite points out that others reportedly testified similarly, though Langer did not name them. Other "evidence" Waite offers comes from Konrad Heiden, another Hitler enemy (a Munich journalist, and Jewish) who fled Germany. Heiden gives no sources for his tale of a purloined letter Hitler allegedly wrote Geli two years before her death, supposedly proposing this sort of sex. Heiden wrote about this letter in his wartime (1944) biography of Hitler. In his 1936 biography of Hitler, Heiden alludes to "documentary evidence" but says "Considerations of every kind make it impossible to describe in more detail either this disposition {Hitler's alleged perversion} or the above-mentioned documentary evidence." As Trevor-Roper said, there is no evidence, only rumor from Hitler's enemies who fled Germany when he came to power. This particular issue has been treated at so much length, not to defend Hitler's non-existent reputation, but to illustrate that while it is easy to select quotes from multiple authors (Langer and Waite) to make an impressive case, actually digging back toward the original sources can paint quite a difference picture of the situation. That applies to most of The Pink Swastika. *** {end comment 83-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Langer suggests that Hitler may very well have engaged in homosexual behavior, saying "persons suffering from his perver- sion sometimes do indulge in homosexual practices in the hope that they might find some sexual gratification. Even this perver- sion would be more acceptable to them than the one with which they are afflicted." He reports, for example on the testimony of Hermann Rauschning, a former Hitler confidante who fled Ger- many in 1935 (Wistrich:240). Langer writes, Rauschning reports that he has met two boys who claimed that they were Hitler's homosexual part- ners, but their testimony can hardly be taken at its face value. More condemning would be the re- marks dropped by [Albert] Foerster, the Danzig gauleiter, in conversation with Rauschning. Even here, however, the remarks deal only with Hitler's impotence as far as heterosexual relationships go without actually implying that he indulges in ho- {See Comment 84-1} mosexuality. it is probably true that Hitler calls Foerster "Bubi," which is a common nickname employed by homosexuals in addressing their part- ners. This alone is not adequate proof that he has actually indulged in homosexual practices with Foerster, who is known to be a homosexual (Langer: 178). Waite concurs: There is insufficient evidence to warrant the con- clusion that Hitler was an overt homosexual. But ***{Below is Page: 84 }*** it seems clear that he had latent homosexual tendencies... It is true that Hitler was closely asso- ciated with Ernst Rohm and Rudolf Hess, two homosexuals who were among the very few people with whom he used the familiar du ["thou"]. But one cannot conclude that he therefore shared his friend's sexual tastes. Still, during the months he was with Hess in Landsberg, their relationship must have become very close. When Hitler left the prison he fretted about his friend who languished there, and spoke of him tenderly, using Austrian diminutives: "Ach mein Rudy, mein Hesserl, isn't it appalling to think that he's still there." One of Hitler's valets, Schneider, made no explicit state- ment about the relationship, but he did find it strange that whenever Hitler got a present he liked or drew an architectural sketch that particularly pleased him, he would run to Hess -- who was known in homosexual circles as "Fraulein Anna" - - as a little boy would run to his mother to show his prize to her.. Finally there is the nonconclusive but interesting fact that one of Hitler's prized pos- sessions was a handwritten love letter which King Ludwig II had written to a manservant (Waite, 1977:283f). *** {start comment 84-1} "Bubi" is an affectionate diminutive of "boy" that may be compared with the Yiddish "boychikl" as a term of endearment not necessarily homosexual in connotation. It's wrong to draw a homosexual inference from its use. The Waite passage is actually on pages 234-5 of his book. The 283 is actually the number of a footnote that appears in Waite's text at that point. Waite is not the most reliable of researchers, and his comment on Hess should not be taken as definitive. He gives no reference for it, nor a citation for where he got the "Fraulein Anna" remark, and nowhere else in his book does he refer to Hess as homosexual. On the contrary, on page 45, where he mentions defects in Hitler's closest followers, Hess is merely mentioned as "mentally disturbed," not as homosexual, while Roehm is mentioned as homosexual, Goebbels has a club foot, Streicher was a sexual pervert, etc. Waite does give a citation near this section for the OSS (U.S. intelligence agency) report on Hitler, which was made during World War II and gathered every bit of information and testimony from hostile witnesses. That suggests Walter Langer's The Mind of Adolf Hitler as a source for Waite's remarks, for Langer worked with the OSS and based his psychiatric evaluation of Hitler on their information. Indeed, on page 102 Langer mentions the "Fraulein Anna" epithet, and on page 212 he says Hitler associated with "notorious homosexuals, such as Hess and Roehm." The trouble is that Langer was a psychiatrist, not an historian, and was working not to record history but to form a psychological profile of Hitler. His raw material was largely unverified hearsay from Hitler's enemies in exile. It's a shame that Waite has apparently taken what seems to have no more authority than gossip and added his own endorsement to it. Finally, a number of more reliable historians have agreed with Konrad Heiden and various Nazis that Roehm wasn't aware of his own homosexuality until 1924, and broke with Hitler in early 1925, so one can hardly say that Hitler associated with a homosexual for the five years between 1919 and 1924. *** {end comment 84-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 85-1} According to Igra there exists documentary evidence that Hitler "had been a male prostitute in Vienna at the time of his sojourn there, from 1907 to 1912, and that he practiced the same calling in Munich from 1912 to 1914" (Igra:67). Lending credence to this is the fact that during several of those years Hitler "chose to live in a Vienna flophouse known to be inhabited by many homo- sexuals" (Langer: 192). Rector writes that, as a young man, Hitler was often called "Der Schone Adolf" ("the handsome Adolf") and that later his looks "were also to some extent helpful in gaining ***{Below is Page: 85 }*** big-money support from Ernst Rohm's circle of wealthy gay friends" (Rector:52). *** {start comment 85-1} Rector (page 57) speaks about Igra's allegations of documentation of Hitler' prostitution: "Regardless of the assumed authenticity of the allegations, in this case there surely can be no question that the documents concerning Hitler's homosexual hustling were false -- if, indeed, such documents ever really existed." The Pink Swastika author cites Rector often, but ignores him on this. There were also many Jews living in Hitler's flophouse. Are we to conclude that Hitler was a closet Jew, or a "Jewophile" because of that? Actually, Langer used information such as that to conclude that Hitler was not an anti-Semite in his Vienna days, about 1910. Waite criticizes Langer for this, pointing out that the memoirs of one of Hitler's companions in Vienna state that Hitler had joined an anti-Semitic group in 1908. Thus triumphs historical archival research over psychoanalysis. (Then again... "memoirs" of the "Adolf-Hitler-was-a-friend-of-mine" genre have proved in many cases to be extremely unreliable.) The quote about the flophouse appears to be inaccurate. The Basic Books edition, which has different pagination, says, on page 205 "Even in these days he lived in a flophouse that was known to be inhabited by men who lent themselves to homosexual practices, and it was probably for this reason that he was listed on the Vienna police record as a 'sexual pervert.'" The correct quote sheds interesting light on the matter. Instead of "homosexuals" they were "men who lent themselves to homosexual practices" -- quite likely this refers to young heterosexual men who earned money by having sex with better off homosexuals. (Most probably by allowing those men to fellate them.) Langer is not an historian and seems rather gullible in accepting what "facts" -- such as the interview with Otto Strasser over the Geli Raubal affair and the spurious Vienna documents -- are put on his plate. That's understandable, for a psychoanalyst is used to hearing all sorts of weird fantasies from his patients and then having to concoct his analysis from their hidden inner meanings without being able to investigate their veracity in any detail. The above quote from Rector appears in a caption under a picture of Hitler at age 30. Rector points out that "Der Schoene Adolf" was "a descriptive and affectionate term used by girls and women." *** {end comment 85-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 85-2} Whether or not Hitler was personally involved in homosexual relationships, the evidence is clear that he knowingly and inten- tionally surrounded himself with practicing homosexuals from the time he was a teenager. His later public pronouncements against homosexuality never quite fit with the life-long intimacy -- sexual or otherwise -- which he maintained with men he knew and ac- cepted as homosexuals. Those who would suggest that Hitler remained wholly or partly ignorant of the fact that the Nazi Party was filled with homosexuals may themselves be blind to an essen- tial character quality of Adolf Hitler. Hitler not only knew that the Nazi Party was a virtual homosexual social club, it seems that this was the way he wanted it. *** {start comment 85-2} To accuse a down-and-out teenager of "knowingly and intentionally surrounding himself with practicing homosexuals" because he lived in a flophouse where some of them also lived, is, of course, utterly ridiculous. The accusation exemplifies the ridiculous nature of virtually every assertion made by the author of The Pink Swastika. *** {end comment 85-2} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Finally, in our look at Adolf Hitler, the man, we turn to Samuel Igra, a Jew who fled Germany in 1939 after twenty years of ob- serving Hitler and the Nazis: For the purposes of the present investigations Hitler is important for what he has represented...when he embarked the German people on the policy that brought about the world catastrophe. He was the central figure around which a number of men grouped themselves, from the 1920's onwards, in a movement to gain supreme control of the Ger- man people. As the movement developed they were aided and abetted and supported financially as well as politically by the industrial capitalists of the Rhineland; but the initiative did not come from the latter. It came from Hitler as the condottiere [leader] of a band of evil men who were united together by a common vice [homosexuality] (Igra:26). ***{Below is Page: 86 }*** The Nazi Rise to Power Hitler continued to capitalize on the political unrest of the people to build the Nazi organization. The party's public image was greatly enhanced by the recruitment of Hermann Goering, a former World War I fighter ace who was revered as a war hero. Goering was probably not a homosexual though he was said to have been very fond of "painting his nails and putting rouge on his cheeks" (Fuchs: 160). He joined the party after hearing a speech by Hitler in which he vowed to rebuild Germany's military and crush the Treaty of Versailles. Hitler immediately set him to the task of training the SA as a military organization (Toland: 123), an accomplishment that further increased Nazi power. By the fall of 1922 Hitler had become the symbol of renewed German nationalism to many in Germany, although the average citizen had little knowledge of Hitler's personal life or the lives of the Nazi leaders. At this point Hitler believed he would ultimately assume power in Germany through military strength and was not terribly concerned with portraying an image of morality. "The Party newspaper, writes Edouard Calic, "explained that Hitler wanted to organize the movement on a military basis to achieve power, and that if it was necessary he would lead an uprising to renounce the Versailles Treaty" (Calic:33). However, his attempt to implement his plan in the infamous Beer Hall Putsch proved so disastrous Hitler was forced to develop a different strategy. A Change of Strategy On November 8, 1923, Hitler attempted to take advantage of a period of political turmoil to seize control of the government of Bavaria. This ill-fated maneuver (later dubbed the Beer Hall Putsch) not only failed militarily, it put Hitler in prison for nine months, thus nearly ending the party. When he was finally re- leased from Landsberg prison on December 20th, 1924, he an- nounced that thereafter the Nazi Party would seek power through ***{Below is Page: 87 }*** legitimate political means (ibid:64), which meant competing for seats in the German Parliament. This decision put the actions and goals of the party to the test of public opinion. Immediately, Hitler was confronted with this challenge. Shirer describes the internal condition of the party: those years when Hitler was shaping his party to take over Germany's destiny he had his fill of troubles with his chief lieutenants who constantly quarreled not only among themselves but with him. He, who was so monumentally intolerant by his very nature, was strangely tolerant of one human condition -- a man's morals. No other party in Germany came near to attracting so many shady characters... pimps, murderers, homosexuals... Hitler did not care, as long as they were useful to him. When he emerged from prison he found not only that they were at each other's throats but there was a demand from the more prim and respectable leaders such as Rosenberg and Ludendorf that the criminals and especially the perverts be expelled from the movement. This Hitler frankly refused to do. (Shirer: 173). {See Comment 87-1} By the next elections, however, Hitler learned that public opin- ion was not with him in the matter of homosexuality, despite Germany's international reputation as a haven for homosexuals. Incriminating letters which had been stolen from Roehm by a male prostitute (Plant:60) were leaked to the Social Democrat news- papers, severely hurting the Nazi election bid. This, of course, exacerbated the conflict between Hitler's lieutenants, and led Hitler to initialize the first in a series of public relations efforts to hide Nazi perversions from the German people. The greater part of these conflicts, interestingly, were between the homosexuals them- selves who, according to Shirer "quarreled and feuded as only *** {start comment 87-1} The Pink Swastika author seems to be extraordinarily confused, and obviously doesn't pay attention to the sources he quotes. As Plant says, the incriminating letters about Roehm were not published until 1932. What did happen in 1925 is that Roehm was involved in a lawsuit with the male prostitute who had stolen them. Roehm resigned from the party before the incident because of disputes with Hitler over matters having nothing to do with sex. The issue of homosexuality didn't play a role in any election. The major issues were the economy and law and order. Hitler wasn't particularly interested in politics until after his putsch failed. Their first major national activity was the 1928 election. That was three years after Roehm scandal, and when Roehm was in South America. The Nazis won only 2.6% of the votes in the 1928 election. Roehm, the open homosexual, came back to Germany in 1930 and served very visibly as Hitler's liaison with the SA. In the 1930 elections the Nazis garnered 18.3% of the vote. In 1932 someone leaked the sex letters from Roehm's 1925 lawsuit to the Socialist newspapers, who published them. In the two 1932 elections the Nazis got 37.3% and 33.1% of the vote. Obviously the Pink Swastika author is "all wet" in claiming the letters "severely hurt" the Nazi election bid. The deteriorating economy was the only factor in their success. As the election results show, it was the Great Depression that began in 1929, an economic issue, that voters cared about, not homosexuality. *** {end comment 87-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents ***{Below is Page: 88 }*** men of unnatural sexual inclinations, with their peculiar jealou- {See Comment 88-1} sies can (Shirer: 172). He writes, By 1926.. .the charges and countercharges hurled by the Nazi Chieftains at one another became so embarrassing that Hitler set up a party court to settle them and prevent his comrades from wash- ing their dirty linen in public. This was known as the USCHLA from Utersuchung {sic}-und- Schlichtungs-Ausschuss -- Committee for Inves- tigation and Settlement. Its first head was a former general, Heinemann, but he was unable to grasp the real purpose of the court, which was not to pronounce judgment on those accused of common crimes but to hush them up and see that they did not disturb party discipline or the authority of the Leader. So the general was replaced by... Major Walther Buch, who was given two assistants. One was Urichs Graf, the former butcher who had been Hitler's bodyguard; the other was Hans Frank, a young Nazi lawyer... This fine judicial triumvirate performed to the complete satisfaction of the Fuehrer. A party leader might be accused of the most nefarious crime. Buch's answer was, "Well, what of it?" (ibid.:174). Obviously, assigning Graf and Frank to this intra-party "court," in itself made it a sham (at least in regard to homosexual crimes), since both were homosexuals. Walther may also have been one himself The only purpose of this and later efforts ostensibly de- signed to address charges of sexual perversion among the Nazis was to hide the truth from the public. Here is the root of Nazi "anti-homosexual" policies. *** {start comment 88-1} No evidence has been presented that Graf or Frank were homosexuals. Frank was married and his two sons participated after the war in a series of interviews with the children of high Nazi officials. Walther Buch was at Hitler's side during the 1934 Roehm purge and carried out his orders. When Heines was found in bed with his chauffeur, Buch received orders from Hitler for "'ruthless eradication of this plague-spot,'" as Konrad Heiden relates on page 372 of his 1936 biography of Hitler. The Nazi court didn't have power to act on crimes. The Weimar government didn't give law enforcement over to private groups. Many sources quoted by the Pink Swastika author are encumbered with wartime propaganda or post-war revenge. Looking back more calmly after 50 years of peace, Conan Fischer writes that Uschla was formed by Hitler not to cover up indiscretions, but to strengthen his hold on the party after Gregor Strasser and Josef Goebbels had challenged him. Fischer writes on page 71: "Initially at least, Hitler tolerated a greater degree of pluralism in party affairs. Of the twenty-three party regions only Munich-Upper Bavaria was unreservedly under his control, while Gregor Strasser was allowed considerable organisational autonomy in northern Germany. This situation led to difficulties, however, as Strasser exploited his freedom of action to promote a new Nazi programme developed in co-operation with his brother Otto and the young radical, Joseph Goebbels, which Hitler regarded as inopportune in terms of its timing if not necessarily its contents. "He could not allow this implicit challenge to his authority. Matters came to a head in February 1926 at a meeting of party leaders in Bamberg where he demanded unqualified loyalty from Strasser and the other north German radicals such as Goebbels. The meeting was dominated numerically by south German delegates loyal to Hitler, but in any case the north Germans proved compliant. In return for this both Strasser and Goebbels were given key party offices, the former becoming Chief of the Propaganda Office on 16 September and the latter Gauleiter of Berlin in November. Future organisational difficulties were to be resolved through an arbitration committee, the Uschla, whose members were appointed by Hitler." One of Uschla's functions may have been to settle disputes between party members before the issues had to be taken to court, but there's nothing particularly sinister about a group trying to protect its reputation by settling disputes internally. In First Corinthians chapter five, St. Paul castigates the Christians at Corinth for suing each other in court in front of unbelievers and tells them to settle their disputes among themselves in private to avoid damaging the reputation of the church. *** {end comment 88-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 89-1} As Nazi power grew, Hitler became increasingly dependent on the support of the German population. And, understandably enough, the German people were at the same time growing in- ***{Below is Page: 89 }*** creasingly disgusted with the debaucheries taking place in Ger- man cities. This twofold influence on Hitler led him to take ever more hard-line public stands against homosexuality in order to cover up the truth about the party. The severity of his public reactions to each new scandal (especially the later ones) mitigated the impact of rumors which constantly circulated in German soci- ety about Nazi leaders. Hitler's strategy regarding all moral is- sues was to craft his rhetoric carefully "in order not to offend the sensibilities of the people" (Mosse: 159). *** {start comment 89-1} The above is a misrepresentation of what Mosse says. Mosse refers to the addition of the words "in order not to offend the sensibilities of the people" to government decrees that affected morality. In the Weimar Republic, the President was allowed to rule by issuing decrees without requiring approval of the Reichstag in emergency situations. In the turmoil preceding Hitler's attainment of power the government had for a time bypassed the Reichstag by having President Hindenburg issue decrees. Hitler manipulated the Reichstag into passing an enabling law allowing him to rule be decree. Mosse doesn't say Hitler "crafted his rhetoric," but that he simply added those formulary words, which had been used in Wilhelmine and Weimar Germany, to all decrees involving morality. *** {end comment 89-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 89-2} Roehm, of course, presented a particularly difficult problem for the Nazis because of his militant support for what we know today as "gay rights." His SA men began to be referred to by the anti-Nazis as the "Brown Fairies" (Rector: 56). Shortly after Roehm's exposure in the German press he fled Germany to take a post in the Bolivian Army for several years until things settled down. It is unclear whether he made this move in response to a personal sense of disgrace about the publicizing of his pederastic activities, or whether Hitler had convinced him to get out of the public eye for the good of the party. In any case, Roehm's ab- sence was only temporary. Plant writes, In 1929 a party squabble threatened to tear the SA apart; a rebel group under Captain Walter Stennes had started a mutiny. Stennes taunted Roehm's stalwarts at a rally, dismissing them as "sissies in frilly underwear who couldn't order their boys around." As the rebellion grew more serious, Hitler ordered his old friend to return to Germany. Roehm did not hesitate to heed his Fuhrer's call and his armed squads quickly and ruthlessly sup- pressed the mutineers (Plant:60f.). *** {start comment 89-2} Roehm had quit his party posts before the 1925 scandal. After the 1923 Putsch, Hitler no longer wanted the SA to be a secret military group, but that's exactly what Roehm wanted, so Roehm resigned his posts on May 1, 1925, as Konrad Heiden relates in his 1936 biography of Hitler. Roehm didn't "flee" to Bolivia because of the letters or any other "exposure" in the press. He went because he needed a job. He resigned from the party in 1925, the scandal occurred in 1925, but Roehm didn't go to Bolivia until 1928. Konrad Heiden says on page 115 of A History of National Socialism that "Roehm had been officially reconciled to Hitler in 1927, and in the following year had been compelled for financial reasons to accept a commission in the Bolivian Army, to which he is still theoretically attached." {Heiden wrote the book before Roehm's death.} Heiden mentions in his Hitler biography that in 1925 Roehm had been convicted of a minor political crime and was jailed because he couldn't raise 300 Marks to pay his fine -- he had even advertised in the party newspaper asking for financial help, but none was given. Plant's account of Roehm's return doesn't agree with others, but then the matter's not really a part of the major theme of his book. The 1929 rebellion was put down by Hitler himself by levying a tax on party members and offering the Berlin SA money. Hitler then fired the leader of the SA, Pfeffer, and assumed the post himself. He needed someone to do the actual running of the group and someone who could restore discipline, so he asked Roehm to come back. He didn't have any authority to "order" Roehm back, but he could offer him a job, which is why Roehm had left Germany in the first place. After Roehm returned and resumed effective leadership of the SA, the Berlin group caused trouble again, in 1930. The "ruthless" suppression was that much later, on April 1, 1931, Stennes and his faction were finally expelled from the party. {Heiden, op.cit.} *** {end comment 89-2} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 90-1} While Roehm was away, the Nazis had been fairly successful at keeping their perversions out of sight. Most of the Nazis re- mained "in the closet," or at least out of situations that their po- litical enemies could use against them. This, of course, changed ***{Below is Page: 90 }*** when Roehm returned. Once again, stories of Roehm's exploits were passed along the grapevine. It would be old news, however, that hurt the Nazis again when Roehm's damaging letters were published once more by the newspapers belonging to the Social Democrats. These, along with articles on the homosexual prac- tices of subordinate SA leaders, were published on the occasion of Roehm's appointment to head the SA (Oosterhuis and Kennedy:239n.). "Social Democrats and Communists," write Oosterhuis and Kennedy, "suggested [in their newspapers] that nepotism and abuse of power in the SA and the Hitler Youth had contributed to making homosexuality an essential characteristic of the fascist system" (ibid.:251). They were, of course, abso- lutely correct. *** {start comment 90-1} The paragraph above is another misrepresentation. The most notorious SA scandal, that involving Heines and the Schilljugend, had happened in 1927, two years after Roehm quit the party. In fact, the paragraph is self- contradictory. The Pink Swastika author states that things were being kept "out of sight" while Roehm was away, but that a flurry of scandalous articles was published on the occasion of Roehm's appointment to head the SA. All those scandals didn't suddenly happen overnight. While the SA was under the command of a heterosexual they simply weren't significant news, but became newsworthy when Roehm was given his post. What is more, other, reliable sources say that the damaging letters weren't published until 1932, whereas Roehm was appointed in 1930. *** {end comment 90-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 90-2} Hitler, confronted with this threat to the Nazi image, responded with a dual strategy. He first offered a limited defense of Roehm, saying, "His private life cannot be an object of scrutiny unless it conflicts with basic principles of National Socialist ideology" (Bluel {sic}:98). Hitler also attempted to draw a distinction between the party and the SA by portraying Roehm's proclivities as an aspect of military society. "[The SA] is not an institute for the moral education of genteel young ladies, "said Hitler, "but a for- mation of seasoned fighters" (Bluel {sic}:98). The implication seems to have been that homosexuality was an odd quirk of military life that should be overlooked in light of the value of these soldiers' mission and experience. Furthermore, he promised expulsion from the party for continued "tongue-wagging" and "letter-writing" (Koehl:43). *** {start comment 90-2} Hitler did indeed say "The sole purpose of any inquiry must be to ascertain whether or not the SA performing his official duties....His private life cannot be an object of scrutiny unless it conflicts with the basic principles of National Socialist ideology." {Plant page 61} That's why heterosexual adultery and sexual debauchery were overlooked and not acted against unless they affected job performance. *** {end comment 90-2} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents Secondly, Hitler strengthened his rhetoric against homosexu- ality in German society at large. An article that appeared in the official Nazi newspaper in 1930 went so far as to threaten homo- sexuals with extermination. Once again this was purely theatri- cal. Adolf Brand, whose openly homosexual magazine, Der Eigene, was by this time widely read in Germany, responded to the Nazi article with one of his own. Brand writes, ***{Below is Page: 91 }*** Men such as Captain Roehm, are, to our knowl- edge, no rarity at all in the National Socialist Party. It rather teems there with homosexuals of all kinds. And the joy of man in man, which has been slan- dered in their papers so often as an oriental vice although the Edda frankly extols it as the highest virtue of the Teutons, blossoms around their camp- fires and is cultivated and fostered by them in a way done in no other male union that is reared on party politics. The threatened hanging on the gal- lows, with which they allege they want to exter- minate homosexuals, is therefore only a horrible gesture that is supposed to make stupid people believe that the Hitler people, in the matter of male- to-male inclinations, are all as innocent as pigeons and pure as angels, just like the pious members of the Christian Society of the Virgin... The public threat against the homosexuals has in the mean- time not frightened any youth-friend or man-friend into deserting this party. One knows perfectly well that all those public threats are only paper masks (Brand in Oosterhuis and Kennedy:236f.). {See Comment 91-1} Despite Brand's protestations Hitler's ruse was quite successful in regard to the Nazis' political fortunes. The party fared well in the elections of 1932, and on January 30, 1933, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany. *** {start comment 91-1} Once again, the asinine assertion that elections were determined by the issue of homosexuality. As noted above in comment 87-1, where this assertion first occurred, it was the Great Depression that caused voters to swing toward the Nazis. *** {end comment 91-1} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents {See Comment 91-2} Not everyone in Germany, however, was pleased with Hitler's ascension to power. Former Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher gave voice to an inner fear that foreshadowed his own death: "This pack of scoundrels, these criminals, these filthy boy streetwalkers! Well, they better not come near me" (Rector:64). Schleicher was later killed in Munich by Hitler's murder gang during the Roehm Purge (Fest, 1975:465). *** {start comment 91-2} Once again, a misleading use of a quotation. Schleicher didn't say those words because Hitler came to power. Rector says that he was overheard to make the remark in a barber shop about the SA homosexual faction. There's nothing to indicate they were said in reaction to Hitler. *** {end comment 91-2} Read the Same Text Again Skip Forward Table of Contents ***{Below is Page: 92 }*** {Picture} {Hitler standing with Goering, both in uniform} Adolf Hitler with Herman Goering YAD VASHEM {Picture caption} ***{Below is Page: 93 }*** {Picture} {Goebbels in suit -- head & shoulders} Paul Joseph Goebbels YAD VASHEM {Picture caption} Continue to Chapter Five Return to Top of Table of Contents

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Tijuana Hobo , Hebrew Hobo Railroad Rabbi, The Truth Teller Tell True Truth Truthfully. If the Truth is Repugnant to you, You are a Reagan Cultist. Ronald Reagan was Taught by L. Ron Hubbard, Reagan & Hubbard FOUNDED THE SCIENCE FICTION MIND FUCKING GAME- SCIENTOLOGY- then REAGAN USED NERO LINGUIST PROGRAMMING as PRESIDENT to MURDER THE MINDS of AMERICANS!
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